BACTERIAL INFECTION IN CATS: CAUSES & TREATMENT

No one wants to see their cat get sick, but however, it does happen. Those moments when our cats are ill are some of the most unsettling times we will ever go through as pet owners. A large portion of the diseases experienced by cats is of bacterial origin. Normally, the immune system of the cats is supposed to ward off bacterial infection, but sometimes for varying reasons, the immune system is weak to such threats.

A bacterial infection is essentially the invasion and proliferation of disease-causing bacteria within an organism body. The bacteria get into the host’s body, feeds on the host’s nutrients and then multiplies.

Although most bacterial infections aren’t overly serious, if left untreated, the consequences could be dire.

TYPES OF BACTERIAL INFECTIONS

Not all bacteria are harmful, some are even necessary for helping the digestive process in cats. However, there are also bacteria that are pathogenic (capable of causing disease) to cats and will cause infections. Some common bacteria that can lead to infections in cats include

  • Salmonella; the Salmonella bacteria is responsible for a lot of illnesses in cats, most especially infections related to the intestinal tract.
  • Staphylococcus; like most bacteria, this type is opportunistic in nature. It will cause infections in cats when the immune system isn’t at peak performance. Staph infections usually affect the skins of cats.
  • Campylobacter; causes intestinal diseases that can lead to stomach pain and diarrhea in cats.
  • Clostridium; causes spontaneous diarrhea in cats.

>> Read more: Causes And Treatment Of Diarrhea In Dogs At Home

TYPES OF BACTERIAL INFECTIONS

Other disease-causing bacteria in cats include Escherichia, Toxoplasmosis, Actinomyces, spirochete, Fusobacterium, Chlamydophila, Bordetella, etc.

CAUSES OF BACTERIA INFECTIONS IN CATS

Bacteria are very much present on the skin and also within the bodies of cats, but what makes them lethal is that they attack when there is an opportunity when the cat’s immune system lacks major antibodies or is defective.

One of the things that cause a weakened immune system in cats is a poor diet. When a cat doesn’t get the nutrients required to form strong and potent antibodies, it can easily fall prey to bacterial infections. Another factor is age, very young and very old cats are more likely to be affected because their immune systems haven’t developed yet (in the case of young cats) or have grown weak over time (old cats).

CAUSES OF BACTERIA INFECTIONS IN CATS

Other factors that cause bacterial infections include a pre-existing illness, exposure to other affected animals and transmission through air, water or food.

SYMPTOMS OF BACTERIAL INFECTIONS IN CATS

How a bacterial infection announces its presence has a lot to do with the infection itself. It also depends on the health status of the cat, the affected organs and body parts and also how severe and mature the infection is. Here are some symptoms to look out for as regards bacterial infections in cats.

  • Diarrhea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Nausea.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • Indigestion.
  • Skin abscesses.
  • Coughing.
  • Running nose
  • Red and running eyes.
  • Wounds and Lesions.
  • Redness and inflammation of the skin.
  • Open wounds with pus oozing out.
  • Stomach pain.
  • The presence of multiple infections including respiratory, urinary, and digestive tract infections.

However, it is important to note that the presence of any one of these symptoms doesn’t mean that your cat is suffering from a bacterial infection. It could be something worse or hopefully less serious. It is always best to consult a veterinary doctor before making any assumptions.

>> Read more: Instructions On How To Cool Cats Down In The Hot Summer

DIAGNOSIS OF BACTERIAL INFECTIONS IN CATS

DIAGNOSIS OF BACTERIAL INFECTIONS IN CATS

In determining which bacterial infection, a cat is suffering from, a veterinary doctor will first consider the symptoms currently being exhibited and the medical history of the cat. A thorough physical examination is also required, especially in the case of skin infections.

Other additional tests including blood tests, sensitivity tests, skin biopsies, and cultures are done so that are more accurate diagnosis can be made.

Your input will also be required, you may need to supply details on the behavioral patterns, eating habits, previous injuries of your cat and also useful information about fights your cat may have had with other animals.

TREATMENT OF BACTERIAL INFECTIONS IN CATS

After diagnosing which bacterial infection the cat may be suffering from, the vet doctor will prescribe treatment to clear the bacteria.

Most bacterial infection treatments involve the use of antibiotics. Antibiotics help to destroy and stop the production of new bacteria cells. Depending on the infection and its severity, the veterinarian will prescribe an antibiotic and a specified dosage. Strict adherence to the doctor’s guidelines is important, the dosage has to be completed no matter how long it takes. If the prescribed dosage isn’t completed and the bacteria isn’t entirely eradicated, the infection can come back in a more fierce and resistant form.

Sometimes cats can be very tricky and would hold the drugs in their mouth only to later spit it out. So, it’s also important that the owners make sure that the cats swallow the drugs. To make the cat more compliant and receptive, the pills can be hidden within the cat’s food.

For skin bacterial infections, anti-bacterial ointments and shampoos are used to reduce inflammation and relieve itching. For fevers and body pain, pain relievers and fever drugs are administered.

TREATMENT OF BACTERIAL INFECTIONS IN CATS

There are some occasions where surgery is necessary, especially if the infection is caused by anaerobic bacteria. Infections in the uterus, inside the bone or within the muscles will have to be exposed to oxygen, cleaned and drained of any harmful liquid.

RECOVERY

Close attention has to be paid to the cat during the recovery phase. A healthy diet will go a long to speed up the recovery process. If open wounds are involved, be sure to clean and dress them regularly. Prevent the cat from going outdoors if you have to, so they don’t contact another infection.

Make sure the cat receives the right dosage of antibiotics. Sometimes, it may be required to visit the doctor for follow-up appointments. And should any changes occur during the recovery stage, be sure to notify the veterinarian.

There you have it guys, it is important that we keep our pets safe from infections especially bacterial infections. Losing a pet isn’t fun.

Laura William
Laura Williamhttps://topkittycare.com
My engaging writing style and knowledge sharing make it an invaluable resource for both cat owners and enthusiasts.

LET'S KEEP IN TOUCH

Follow Me
- Apply $30 coupon -spot_img
spot_img

Popular articles

Top 10 Best Cat Heating Pads Reviews

If you're a cat owner, you know that your furry friend loves nothing more...

Top 10 Best Self Cleaning Cat Litter Boxes for...

Are you a cat parent tired of scooping poop and cleaning out your cat’s...

Top 10 Best Cat Cages for Keeping Your Feline...

Looking for the best cat cage to keep your feline friend safe and secure?...

Top 10 Healthiest Dry Cat Food Options: Reviews and...

If you're a cat owner, you know how important it is to choose the...

Top 10 Best Cat Strollers: A Comprehensive Buyer’s Guide

Looking for a way to take your feline companion with you on your outdoor...

Maybe You Will Like It

spot_img

Comments

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Basepaws Cat DNA Test Kit

Basepaws Cat DNA Test Kit – your feline companion's passport to comprehensive genetic insights. This innovative kit offers an in-depth analysis of your cat's breed, health, and dental traits, covering an impressive 114 characteristics. Basepaws is dedicated to providing accurate and user-friendly genetic information, allowing pet owners to better understand their cat's unique genetic makeup. With this easy-to-use kit, unlock a wealth of knowledge about your cat's ancestry, potential health considerations, and dental traits, empowering you to provide personalized care tailored to your feline friend's specific needs. Trust Basepaws for a deeper connection with your cat through the lens of advanced genetic analysis.

Basepaws Cat DNA Test Kit ads